Cr R (Criminal Revision)

748 of 2019

SABITA DUTTA & ORS - Complainant(s)



BEFORE: Shampa Dutt (Paul)

Apurba Krishna Das, Sudip Ghosh, Bitasok Banerjee, Md Abdur Rakib, Tirtha Pati Acharya

30 Jun 2023


Shampa Dutt (Paul), J.

[1] The present revision has been preferred praying for quashing of the proceedings of the Asansol (W) Police Station Case No. 12 of 2017 dated 01.02.2017 under Sections 498A/323/506/34 of the Indian Penal Code, corresponding to G.R. Case No. 260 of 2017 pending before the Learned Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, Asansol, District - Burdwan West.

[2] The petitioners' case is that the opposite party no. 2 Tultul Dutta lodged a Complaint Case in the Court of the Learned Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate at Asansol under Section 498A/323/506/34 of the Indian Penal Code being Complaint Case No. 05 of 2017 against the petitioners and two others namely Suchitra Purkait and Bipad Taran Dutta stating inter alia that her marriage has been solemnized with one Sri Chittaranjan Dutta in the year 1999 and the husband of the complainant did not demand any dowry but the accuseds no. 1 and 2 started to create pressure upon the petitioner to bring money and assaulted her with fist and blow on 12.03.1999. Thereafter the complainant began to live in E.C.L. quarter. She was also not allowed to participate in the funeral ceremony of her 3rd brother in law and mother in law who died on 20.07.2000 and 21.11.2002 respectively. The complainant then again entered in the said premises (matrimonial home) and began to reside permanently with the accused persons on and from 05.08.2013 and on 17.10.2015 at about 2.20 P.M. the accused no. 4 along with accused no. 1 suddenly entered into her premises and abused her in filthy language. On 05.11.2016 the accuseds no. 1 to 3 threatened her to face dire consequences if she did not vacate the premises and even threatened to kill her and accused No. 5 threatened her saying he will rape the complainant. On the same day, the complainant went to lodge her complaint with Raniganj Police Station but the concerned Officer refused to accept the same and as such the complainant after 1 month 22 days i.e. on 02.01.2017 filed the petition under Section 156(3) of the Code of Criminal Procedure before the Learned Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate at Asansol under Section 498A/323/506/34 of the Indian Penal Code praying for investigation of the case.

[3] The Court of Learned Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate sent the complaint to Asansol (W) Police Station to treat the same as F.I.R. which has been duly received by the Asansol (W) Police Station on 01.02.2017 and started Asansol (W) Police Station Case being No. 12/17 under Sections 498A/323/506/34 of the Indian Penal Code and started investigation.

[4] After completion of investigation police submitted report in final form vide Charge Sheet No. 19 of 2017 dated 17.02.2017 alleging involvement of the accuseds no. 2, 3 and 5 in alleged commission of offence under Sections 498A/323/506/34 of the Indian Penal Code but discharged accuseds no. 1 and 4 holding inter alia that there is no evidence of involvement of those two accused in such incidents.

[5] The petitioners state that the complainant/opposite party No. 2 has suppressed material facts in her complainant.

[6] The petitioners case is that, accused no. 1 Bipad Taran Dutta filed a Partition Suit in the Court of the Learned Civil Judge, Senior Division at Asansol being Title Suit No. 76 of 2014 (Old No. 86 of 2013) against the husband of the complainant Chittaranjan Dutta, who tried to grab 1/3rd share of the property situated at Raniganj by force and also started illegal construction encroaching more than his share and refused to make partition of the property and created disturbance in the peaceful enjoyment of the property by the accused no. 1. The suit for partition for apportionment of the suit property by metes and bound was filed by accused No. 1 said Bipad Taran Dutta along with an application under Order 39 Rule 1 and 2 for injunction so that the defendant husband of the complainant could not make construction beyond his share and the Learned Civil Court being satisfied passed an order on 28.09.2015 directing both the parties to maintain status quo in respect of nature, character and possession of the suit property.

[7] The husband of the complainant Chittaranjan Dutta, with mala fide intention, had started creating an atmosphere of horror upon the accused no. 1 on and from September, 2011 and onwards, against which the accused no. 1 lodged various complaints in the local Police Station and in the month of May, 2013 i.e. just before the filing of the Partition Suit by the accused no. 1, the husband of the complainant gave serious threat to the accused no. 1 to murder him and as such the accused no. 1 lodged a complaint against said Chittaranjan Dutta, the husband of the complainant on 29.05.2013 with the Raniganj Police Station. But in spite of filing the complaint the concerned Officer did not take any steps against the husband of the complainant said Chittaranjan Dutta.

[8] When the illegal and unauthorized construction started by the husband of the complainant was stopped by an order of the Civil Court in Partition Suit No. 76 of 2014, then the complainant in connivance with her husband lodged a complaint by incorporating some false incidents against the accused no. 1 and his relatives i.e. the accuseds no. 2 to 5, alleging that mental torture was inflicted upon her on 12.03.1999.

[9] The petitioners state that she remembered the date after 18 years as she lodged the complaint on 02.01.2017 and thereafter alleged that she re-entered into the joint family property on 05.08.2013, which she remembered after 4 years and stated that she had been assaulted on 17.10.2015 at about 2 P.M. which she remembered after almost 2 years and also stated that again an alleged incident occurred on 05.11.2016. This time she went to the Police Station to lodge complaint but Police refused to accept the same. All on a sudden after 57 days from the date of alleged occurrence, she made an application under Section 156(3) of the Code of Criminal Procedure. Thus it is stated that all these facts go to show that the complainant has made a false and fabricated story.

[10] Mr. Apurba Krishna Das, learned counsel for the petitioners has submitted that the dispute between the parties is purely civil in nature, relating to joint family property but the opposite party no. 2 in a most unwarranted manner lodged the complaint which is unsustainable in law and liable to be set aside/quashed.

[11] It is submitted that there is no material on record against the petitioners for commission of alleged offence under Sections 498A/323/506/34 of the Indian Penal Code as stated by the police in the alleged charge-sheet as such the impugned proceedings against the petitioners is liable to be quashed.

[12] Mr. Md. Abdur Rakib, learned counsel for the opposite party no. 2 has submitted that the proceedings are in accordance with law as there is sufficient materials on record to proceed towards trial. The revision is thus liable to be dismissed.

[13] Learned counsel for the State has placed the case diary.

[14] From the materials on record the following facts are before this Court:-

(i) The petitioners are the relatives of the husband of the opposite party no. 2/complainant. The husband is not an accused.

(ii) The complainant was married in the year 1999. Since then she was residing with her husband in the official quarters provided by ECL.

(iii) Her mother in law expired in 2000.

(iv) She has stated that she re-entered into the joint family property (premises) in 2013 (after 15 years).

(v) There is a Partition Suit being Title Suit No. 76 of 2014 pending before the Court of the Learned Civil Judge (Sr. Division) at Asansol between the parties filed by the accused persons.

(vi) The present case is dated 01.02.2017, 18 years after marriage.

(vii) Several cases are pending between the parties.

[15] Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code, lays down:-

"498A. Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty.-Whoever, being the husband or the relative of the husband of a woman, subjects such woman to cruelty shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine.

Explanation.-For the purpose of this section, "cruelty" means-

(a) any wilful conduct which is of such a nature as is likely to drive the woman to commit suicide or to cause grave injury or danger to life, limb or health (whether mental or physical) of the woman; or

(b) harassment of the woman where such harassment is with a view to coercing her or any person related to her to meet any unlawful demand for any property or valuable security or is on account of failure by her or any person related to her to meet such demand.

Ingredients of offence.- The essential ingredients of the offence under Section 498A are as follows:-

(1) A woman was married;

(2) She was subjected to cruelty;

(3) Such cruelty consisted in -

(i) Any wilful conduct as was likely to drive such woman to commit suicide or to cause grave injury or danger to her life, limb or health whether mental or physical.

(ii)Harm to such woman with a view to coercing her to meet unlawful demand for property or valuable security or on account of failure of such woman or any of her relations to meet the lawful demand.

(iii) The woman was subjected to such cruelty by her husband or any relation of her husband."

[16] In Kahkashan Kausar @ Sonam & Ors. vs. State of Bihar & Ors.,2022 LiveLaw(SC) 141, the Supreme Court held as follows:-

"Issue Involved

11. Having perused the relevant facts and contentions made by the Appellants and Respondents, in our considered opinion, the foremost issue which requires determination in the instant case is whether allegations made against the in-laws Appellants are in the nature of general omnibus allegations and therefore liable to be quashed ?

12. Before we delve into greater detail on the nature and content of allegations made, it becomes pertinent to mention that incorporation of section 498A of IPC was aimed at preventing cruelty committed upon a woman by her husband and her in-laws, by facilitating rapid state intervention. However, it is equally true, that in recent times, matrimonial litigation in the country has also increased significantly and there is a greater disaffection and friction surrounding the institution of marriage, now, more than ever. This has resulted in an increased tendency to employ provisions such as 498A IPC as instruments to settle personal scores against the husband and his relatives.

13. This Court in its judgment in Rajesh Sharma and Ors. Vs. State of U.P. & Anr, 2018 10 SCC 472, has observed:-

"14. Section 498-A was inserted in the statute with the laudable object of punishing cruelty at the hands of husband or his relatives against a wife particularly when such cruelty had potential to result in suicide or murder of a woman as mentioned in the statement of Objects and Reasons of the Act 46 of 1983. The expression 'cruelty' in Section 498A covers conduct which may drive the woman to commit suicide or cause grave injury (mental or physical) or danger to life or harassment with a view to coerce her to meet unlawful demand. It is a matter of serious concern that large number of cases continue to be filed under already referred to some of the statistics from the Crime Records Bureau. This Court had earlier noticed the fact that most of such complaints are filed in the heat of the moment over trivial issues. Many of such complaints are not bona fide. At the time of filing of the complaint, implications and consequences are not visualized. At times such complaints lead to uncalled for harassment not only to the accused but also to the complainant. Uncalled for arrest may ruin the chances of settlement."

14. Previously, in the landmark judgment of this court in Arnesh Kumar Vs. State of Bihar and Anr, 2014 8 SCC 273, it was also observed:-

"4. There is a phenomenal increase in matrimonial disputes in recent years. The institution of marriage is greatly revered in this country. Section 498-A IPC was introduced with avowed object to combat the menace of harassment to a woman at the hands of her husband and his relatives. The fact that Section 498-A IPC is a cognizable and non-bailable offence has lent it a dubious place of pride amongst the provisions that are used as weapons rather than shield by disgruntled wives. The simplest way to harass is to get the husband and his relatives arrested under this provision. In a quite number of cases, bed- ridden grandfathers and grand-mothers of the husbands, their sisters living abroad for decades are arrested."

15. Further in Preeti Gupta & Anr. Vs. State of Jharkhand & Anr, 2010 7 SCC 667, it has also been observed:-

"32. It is a matter of common experience that most of these complaints under section 498A IPC are filed in the heat of the moment over trivial issues without proper deliberations. We come across a large number of such complaints which are not even bona fide and are filed with oblique motive. At the same time, rapid increase in the number of genuine cases of dowry harassment are also a matter of serious concern.

33. The learned members of the Bar have enormous social responsibility and obligation to ensure that the social fiber of family life is not ruined or demolished. They must ensure that exaggerated versions of small incidents should not be reflected in the criminal complaints. Majority of the complaints are filed either on their advice or with their concurrence. The learned members of the Bar who belong to a noble profession must maintain its noble traditions and should treat every complaint under section 498A as a basic human problem and must make serious endeavour to help the parties in arriving at an amicable resolution of that human problem. They must discharge their duties to the best of their abilities to ensure that social fiber, peace and tranquility of the society remains intact. The members of the Bar should also ensure that one complaint should not lead to multiple cases.

34. Unfortunately, at the time of filing of the complaint the implications and consequences are not properly visualized by the complainant that such complaint can lead to insurmountable harassment, agony and pain to the complainant, accused and his close relations.

35. The ultimate object of justice is to find out the truth and punish the guilty and protect the innocent. To find out the truth is a herculean task in majority of these complaints. The tendency of implicating husband and all his immediate relations is also not uncommon. At times, even after the conclusion of criminal trial, it is difficult to ascertain the real truth. The courts have to be extremely careful and cautious in dealing with these complaints and must take pragmatic realities into consideration while dealing with matrimonial cases. The allegations of harassment of husband's close relations who had been living in different cities and never visited or rarely visited the place where the complainant resided would have an entirely different complexion. The allegations of the complaint are required to be scrutinized with great care and circumspection.

36. Experience reveals that long and protracted criminal trials lead to rancour, acrimony and bitterness in the relationship amongst the parties. It is also a matter of common knowledge that in cases filed by the complainant if the husband or the husband's relations had to remain in jail even for a few days, it would ruin the chances of amicable settlement altogether. The process of suffering is extremely long and painful."

16. In Geeta Mehrotra & Anr. Vs. State of UP & Anr, 2012 10 SCC 741, it was observed:-

"21. It would be relevant at this stage to take note of an apt observation of this Court recorded in the matter of G.V. Rao vs. L.H.V. Prasad & Ors., 2000 3 SCC 693 wherein also in a matrimonial dispute, this Court had held that the High Court should have quashed the complaint arising out of a matrimonial dispute wherein all family members had been roped into the matrimonial litigation which was quashed and set aside. Their Lordships observed therein with which we entirely agree that:

"there has been an outburst of matrimonial dispute in recent times. Marriage is a sacred ceremony, main purpose of which is to enable the young couple to settle down in life and live peacefully. But little matrimonial skirmishes suddenly erupt which often assume serious proportions resulting in heinous crimes in which elders of the family are also involved with the result that those who could have counselled and brought about rapprochement are rendered helpless on their being arrayed as accused in the criminal case. There are many reasons which need not be mentioned here for not encouraging matrimonial litigation so that the parties may ponder over their defaults and terminate the disputes amicably by mutual agreement instead of fighting it out in a court of law where it takes years and years to conclude and in that process the parties lose their "young" days in chasing their cases in different courts." The view taken by the judges in this matter was that the courts would not encourage such disputes."

17. Recently, in K. Subba Rao v. The State of Telangana, 2018 14 SCC 452 it was also observed that:-

"6. The Courts should be careful in proceeding against the distant relatives in crimes pertaining to matrimonial disputes and dowry deaths. The relatives of the husband should not be roped in on the basis of omnibus allegations unless specific instances of their involvement in the crime are made out."

18. The above-mentioned decisions clearly demonstrate that this court has at numerous instances expressed concern over the misuse of section 498A IPC and the increased tendency of implicating relatives of the husband in matrimonial disputes, without analysing the long term ramifications of a trial on the complainant as well as the accused. It is further manifest from the said judgments that false implication by way of general omnibus allegations made in the course of matrimonial dispute, if left unchecked would result in misuse of the process of law. Therefore, this court by way of its judgments has warned the courts from proceeding against the relatives and in-laws of the husband when no prima facie case is made out against them."

And finally the court held:-

"22. Therefore, upon consideration of the relevant circumstances and in the absence of any specific role attributed to the accused appellants, it would be unjust if the Appellants are forced to go through the tribulations of a trial, i.e., general and omnibus allegations cannot manifest in a situation where the relatives of the complainant's husband are forced to undergo trial. It has been highlighted by this court in varied instances, that a criminal trial leading to an eventual acquittal also inflicts severe scars upon the accused, and such an exercise must therefore be discouraged."

[17] The Supreme Court in M/s Neeharika Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd. Vs. State of Maharashtra and Ors. (on 13 April, 2021), in Criminal Appeal No. 330 of 2021, citing several precedents held :-

" * * * * *

iv) The power of quashing should be exercised sparingly with circumspection, as it has been observed, in the "rarest of rare cases (not to be confused with the formation in the context of death penalty).

vi) Criminal proceedings ought not to be scuttled at the initial stage;

ix) The functions of the judiciary and the police are complementary, not overlapping;

xiii) The power under Section 482 Cr.P.C. is very wide, but conferment of wide power requires the court to be more cautious. It casts an onerous and more diligent duty on the court;

xiv) However, at the same time, the court, if it thinks fit, regard being had to the parameters of quashing and the self-restraint imposed by law, more particularly the parameters laid down by this Court in the cases of R.P. Kapur (supra) and Bhajan Lal (supra), has the jurisdiction to quash the FIR/complaint;

* * * * *"

[18] In Ramveer Upadhyay & Anr. Vs State of Uttar Pradesh & Anr., Special Leave petition (CRL.) No. 2953 of 2022, the Supreme Court held :-

"39. In our considered opinion criminal proceedings cannot be nipped in the bud by exercise of jurisdiction under Section 482 of the Cr.P.C. only because the complaint has been lodged by a political rival. It is possible that a false complaint may have been lodged at the behest of a political opponent. However, such possibility would not justify interference under Section 482 of the Cr.P.C. to quash the criminal proceedings. As observed above, the possibility of retaliation on the part of the petitioners by the acts alleged, after closure of the earlier criminal case cannot be ruled out. The allegations in the complaint constitute offence under the Attrocities Act. Whether the allegations are true or untrue, would have to be decided in the trial. In exercise of power under Section 482 of the Cr.P.C., the Court does not examine the correctness of the allegations in a complaint except in exceptionally rare cases where it is patently clear that the allegations are frivolous or do not disclose any offence."

[19] In Umesh Kumar Vs State of Andhra Pradesh and Anr. (Supra) the Supreme Court also held :-

"20. The scope of Section 482 CrPC is well defined and inherent powers could be exercised by the High Court to give effect to an order under CrPC; to prevent abuse of the process of court; and to otherwise secure the ends of justice. This extraordinary power is to be exercised ex debito justitiae. However, in exercise of such powers, it is not permissible for the High Court to appreciate the evidence as it can only evaluate material documents on record to the extent of its prima facie satisfaction about the existence of sufficient ground for proceedings against the accused and the Court cannot look into materials, the acceptability of which is essentially a matter for trial. Any document filed along with the petition labelled as evidence without being tested and proved, cannot be examined. The law does not prohibit entertaining the petition under Section 482 CrPC for quashing the charge-sheet even before the charges are framed or before the application of discharge is filed or even during the pendency of such application before the court concerned. The High Court cannot reject the application merely on the ground that the accused can argue legal and factual issues at the time of the framing of the charge. However, the inherent power of the Court should not be exercised to stifle the legitimate prosecution but can be exercised to save the accused from undergoing the agony of a criminal trial. (Vide Pepsi Foods Ltd. v. Judicial Magistrate, 1998 5 SCC 749 [: 1998 SCC (Cri) 1400 : AIR 1998 SC 128] , Ashok Chaturvedi v. Shitul H. Chanchani, 1998 7 SCC 698 [: 1998 SCC (Cri) 1704 : AIR 1998 SC 2796] , G. Sagar Suri v. State of U.P., 2000 2 SCC 636 [: 2000 SCC (Cri) 513] and Padal Venkata Rama Reddy v. Kovvuri Satyanarayana Reddy, 2011 12 SCC 437 [: (2012) 1 SCC (Cri) 603] .)

21. In Rajiv Thapar v. Madan Lal Kapoor, 2013 3 SCC 330 [: (2013) 3 SCC (Cri) 158] this Court while dealing with the issue held as follows : (SCC p. 348, para 30)

"30. Based on the factors canvassed in the foregoing paragraphs, we would delineate the following steps to determine the veracity of a prayer for quashment raised by an accused by invoking the power vested in the High Court under Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure:

30.1. Step one : Whether the material relied upon by the accused is sound, reasonable and indubitable i.e. the material is of sterling and impeccable quality?

30.2. Step two : Whether the material relied upon by the accused would rule out the assertions contained in the charges levelled against the accused i.e. the material is sufficient to reject and overrule the factual assertions contained in the complaint i.e. the material is such as would persuade a reasonable person to dismiss and condemn the factual basis of the accusations as false?

30.3. Step three : Whether the material relied upon by the accused has not been refuted by the prosecution/complainant; and/or the material is such that it cannot be justifiably refuted by the prosecution/complainant?

30.4. Step four : Whether proceeding with the trial would result in an abuse of process of the court, and would not serve the ends of justice?"

22. In State of Bihar v. P.P. Sharma, 1992 Supp1 SCC 222 [: 1992 SCC (Cri) 192 : AIR 1991 SC 1260] this Court dealt with an issue of whether an application under Section 482 CrPC for quashing the charge-sheet should be entertained before cognizance is taken by a criminal court and held as under : (SCC pp. 269-70, para 68)

"68. ... Quashing the charge-sheet even before cognizance is taken by a criminal court amounts to "killing a stillborn child". Till the criminal court takes cognizance of the offence there is no criminal proceedings pending. I am not allowing the appeals on the ground that alternative remedies provided by the Code as a bar. It may be relevant in an appropriate case. My view is that entertaining the writ petitions against charge-sheet and considering the matter on merit in the guise of prima facie evidence to stand an accused for trial amounts to pre-trial of a criminal trial...... It is not to suggest that under no circumstances a writ petition should be entertained. .... The charge-sheet and the evidence placed in support thereof form the base to take or refuse to take cognizance by the competent court. It is not the case that no offence has been made out in the charge-sheets and the first information report."

(emphasis supplied)

23. The issue of mala fides loses its significance if there is a substance in the allegation made in the complaint moved with malice. In Sheonandan Paswan v. State of Bihar, 1987 1 SCC 288 [: 1987 SCC (Cri) 82 : AIR 1987 SC 877] this Court held as under : (SCC p. 318, para 16)

"16. ... It is a well-established proposition of law that a criminal prosecution, if otherwise justifiable and based upon adequate evidence does not become vitiated on account of mala fides or political vendetta of the first informant or the complainant."

24. In Parkash Singh Badal v. State of Punjab, 2007 1 SCC 1 [: (2007) 1 SCC (Cri) 193 : AIR 2007 SC 1274] this Court held as under : (SCC p. 43, para 74)

"74. The ultimate test, therefore, is whether the allegations have any substance. An investigation should not be shut out at the threshold because a political opponent or a person with political difference raises an allegation of commission of offence. Therefore, the plea of mala fides as raised cannot be maintained."

25. In State of A.P. v. Golconda Linga Swamy, 2004 6 SCC 522 [: 2004 SCC (Cri) 1805 : AIR 2004 SC 3967] this Court held as under : (SCC p. 529, para 8)

"8. ... It is the material collected during the investigation and evidence led in court which decides the fate of the accused person. The allegations of mala fides against the informant are of no consequence and cannot by themselves be the basis for quashing the proceeding."

(See also K. Karunakaran v. State of Kerala, 2007 1 SCC 59 [: (2007) 1 SCC (Cri) 251] .)

26. Thus, in view of the above, it becomes evident that in case there is some substance in the allegations and material exists to substantiate the complicity of the applicant, the case is to be examined in its full conspectus and the proceedings should not be quashed only on the ground that the same had been initiated with mala fides to wreak vengeance or to achieve an ulterior goal.

27. The scheme for inquiry/trial provided under CrPC is quite clear. After investigation, report under Section 173(2) CrPC is to be submitted before the competent court i.e. the Magistrate having jurisdiction in the matter and the Magistrate may take cognizance under Section 190 CrPC. However, it is still open to the Magistrate to direct further investigation under the provisions of Section 173(8) CrPC. If the case is triable by the Court of Session, the Magistrate would commit the case to the said court under Section 209 CrPC. It is for the court to examine whether there is sufficient material collected during investigation and filed along with the charge-sheet that a prima facie view can be taken to proceed against the accused and in view thereof, frame charges under Section 228 CrPC. At this stage the remedy available to the accused is to ask for discharge under Section 227 CrPC. In case charges are framed the accused has to face the trial, charges can be added/altered at any stage of the trial, before the pronouncement of the judgment to suit the evidence adduced before the court, under the provisions of Section 216 CrPC. The only legal requirement is that a witness has to be recalled as provided under Section 217 CrPC when a charge is altered or added by the court."

[20] The Supreme Court in State of Maharastra vs. Salman Salim Khan, 2004 1 SCC 525, also held:-

"12.........In a case praying for quashing of the charge, the principle to be adopted by the High Court should be that if the entire evidence produced by the prosecution is to be believed, would it constitute an offence or not. The truthfulness, the sufficiency and acceptability of the material produced at the time of framing of charge can be done only at the stage of trial...."

[21] The Marriage in the present case took place in the year 1999. The opposite party No. 2 left the joint family property/house in 1999 to reside with her husband in his official quarters.

[22] The opposite party no. 2/wife has alleged offence under Sections 498A/323/506/34 IPC.

[23] In the present case the complaint has been filed after 18 years of marriage. Admittedly the complainant all along resided with her husband (not an accused in this case) in his official quarters. Admittedly a partition suit in respect of their joint family property has been filed in the year 2014 by the petitioners/accused persons herein. The total disputes is regarding the joint family property. None of the ingredients required to constitute the offences are on record.

[24] Thus it is seen that the materials in the case diary and the charge sheet there in do not prima facie make out a case of cognizable offence against the accuseds/petitioners and there is no materials for proceeding against the accuseds/petitioners towards trial and this is a fit case where the inherent power of the court should be exercised.

[25] In the Present case there is no substance in the allegations and no material exists to prima facie make out the complicity of the applicants in a cognizable offence, as such the proceedings in this case should be quashed.

[26] Thus there is no materials on record or in the case diary in support of the offenses alleged against the petitioners and there being no prima facie case against the petitioners, the present case being Asansol (W) Police Station Case No. 12 of 2017 dated 01.02.2017 under Sections 498A/323/506/34 of the Indian Penal Code, corresponding to G.R. Case No. 260 of 2017 pending before the Learned Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, Asansol, District - Burdwan West, is liable to quashed.

[27] The revisional application being CRR 748 of 2019 is accordingly allowed.

[28] The proceeding being Asansol (W) Police Station Case No. 12 of 2017 dated 01.02.2017 under Sections 498A/323/506/34 of the Indian Penal Code, corresponding to G.R. Case No. 260 of 2017 pending before the Learned Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, Asansol, District - Burdwan West, is hereby quashed.

[29] No order as to costs.

[30] All connected applications, if any, stands disposed of.

[31] Interim order, if any, stands vacated.

[32] Copy of this judgment be sent to the learned Trial Court forthwith for necessary compliance.

[33] Urgent certified website copy of this judgment, if applied for, be supplied expeditiously after complying with all, necessary legal formalities.

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